How to be an Antiracist by Ibram X. Kendi
Video in which Ibram X. Kendi introduces his ground-breaking book 'How to be an Antiracist'.
An early step for white people becoming anti-racist is recognising their own racial and cultural identity. There is no ‘normal’, ‘default’, or ‘standard’ racial identity. It’s also important to recognise that due to systemic inequity, white people hold more power and privilege than people of colour.
There is an abundance of resources available to improve your knowledge of racial equity. It’s important to take up the responsibility of educating yourself, rather than expecting people of colour to educate you.
Your workplace should prioritise regular training and professional development programs focused on anti-racism and cultural safety.
Video in which Ibram X. Kendi introduces his ground-breaking book 'How to be an Antiracist'.
What does it mean to be an ally to people of colour? What does it mean to remove blackface from our streaming services? And what can the creative sector do to advance racial equity?
Diversity Arts Australia and the British Council launched the Creative Equity Toolkit with this timely conversation in partnership with Sydney Opera House.
The blog post that kick-started the award-winning book of the same name.
'I can’t talk to white people about race anymore because of the consequential denials, awkward cartwheels and mental acrobatics that they display when this is brought to their attention.'
Links to work by black writers, journalists, scholars and other commentators in Australia in the context of Black Lives Matter.
'As I write this on 23 June 2020, the two scholars most cited and promoted on social media in the field of racism and privilege, are White... The promotion of their work over Black writers perpetuates the idea that White people understand racism best, and that only they can solve it. Dangerously, it suggests that racism actually has nothing to do with Black people.'
The 2011 article in which Robin DiAngelo introduces her theory which became her best-selling book.
'White Fragility is a state in which even a minimum amount of racial stress becomes intolerable, triggering a range of defensive moves. These moves include the outward display of emotions such as anger, fear, and guilt, and behaviors such as argumentation, silence, and leaving the stress-inducing situation. These behaviors, in turn, function to reinstate white racial equilibrium.'
Aboriginal historian, activist and leader, Gary Foley, explains the do's and don't's of white activism.
'If people are serious about wanting to become involved in the struggle for justice, the first thing you need to do is not go and talk to any blackfellas at all, really, you need to look in the mirror - you need to look at yourself, you need to look at yourself, you need to think hard and fast about who you are and make sure you haven't got psychological identity problems of your own.'
Toolkit and analysis of Anti-Racism.
'Reflect on choices you make in your daily life (i.e., who you build relationships with, what media you follow, where you shop). How do these choices reflect being antiracist?'
Bruce Pascoe introduces his influential research in Australian history, which he wrote about in Dark Emu.
'In 2014 I wrote a book Dark Emu, which exploded the myth that Aboriginal people were mere hunters and gatherers and did nothing with the land. I wrote the book because I found it hard to convince Australians that Aboriginal people were farming.'
Article responding to the celebrity 'I take responsibility' pledges sparked by the Black Lives Matter movement.
'The mainstreaming of anti-racist discourse is causing many people to question their own position in the world. As welcome as this is, let’s not stop at self-reflection. Unlearning personal prejudices should coincide with undoing the structures, logics and economic arrangements that perpetuate global anti-blackness.'
Taika Waititi plays the 'Voice of Racism' in this innovative interactive experience that animates real everyday racism reported by people in Aoteraroa New Zealand. Also includes information on why each comment is racist. Examples include
'I was only joking, chill out'
'Turn that weird music down'
'Do you have a community services card?'
'You don't look English, why do you speak it so well?'
The author of ‘White Negroes', Lauren Michele Jackson, speaks about the limitations of the anti-racist reading list.
She says that instead of reading for genre, syntax, lyric, metaphor 'all these things that we talk about when we talk about white writers writing literature, it reinforces the idea that black writers are just a means for white people to be better at being white people and it turns us all into magical negros.’
Overview and resources unpacking the core concepts of racial equity race theory:
* Racial Equity
* Race, Ethnicity and Indigeneity
* Structural Racism
* Whiteness and White Privilege
* Internalized Racism
Article on white people in the US becoming aware of their racial identity for the first time.
'For a long time, many white people assumed it was our due, as the majority, to encounter various racial others and marvel at the exotic things they ate, built or wore. Now we can go online and find people of color doing the gawking, offering jokes and anthropological scrutiny about white people’s underseasoning food, mistreating potato salad or eschewing washcloths.'
Dr Anita Heiss introduces the collection of 52 stories she edited in the book 'Growing Up Aboriginal in Australia' with contributions from Indigenous Australians across Australia.
Interview with the British author Layla F Saad about her 2020 bestseller and her viral Instagram 28-day journalling challenge #meandwhitesupremacy challenging white people to learn about their complicity in white supremacy.
'The act of journaling alongside it really requires you to look only at yourself and to take self responsibility for the ways that you have had racist thoughts, have racist beliefs, done racist things, even when you weren’t meaning to.'
A syllabus prepared for white Americans as a response to the election of Donald Trump. Covers how white supremacy and systemic racism operate – including complicity, a history of #BlackLivesMatter, relevant organisations to support as well as various books and films.
Wiradjuri writer Tara June Winch talks about winning Australia's prestigious Miles Franklin literary award for her book The Yield.
"This is true, every historical violence was word for word. So the language is true, the history of the language was true, what colonisation did to that part of Australia is true. So there’s a lot of historical fact in it, that’s more my point of truth. You can learn a lot from it; I learned a lot from writing it.”
Interview with Goenpul author Aileen Moreton-Robinson on the re-release of her book that critiques feminist constructions of Aboriginal women and Aboriginal women's constructions of white feminism. The new edition looks at her book's initial reception. The reviews were “playing chicken at the intersection … [their] understanding of how power works limited to subjective and individual choices about being ‘good’ or ‘bad’.”
Video essay with 10 recommended things to watch on streaming services to get started on learning about Black experience, black oppression and systemic racism.
Article on four 'detours' taken to avoid racial equity in schools, and five principles to embrace it, which can be applied to many other organisations.
'Often, the educators most adamant about racial equity are cast to the margins of institutional culture. They are the ones feeling isolated, wondering whether they belong...Colleagues call them troublemakers for naming what others refuse to name. Some are shushed or encouraged to adopt a color-blind perspective by equity-skittish leaders.'
Ground-breaking paper which introduced the concept of intersectionality, which describes the way overlapping identities relate to systemic structures of oppression, in this case gender and race.
"for feminist theory and antiracist policy discourse to embrace the experiences and concerns of Black women, the entire framework that has been used as a basis for translating "women's experience" or "the Black experience" into concrete policy demands must be rethought and recast."
Recommended resources from Fractured Atlas.
Arts and Culture section of a wider library of 2000+ links, research, resources and curricula aimed at empowering change in people, organisations and systems.
The site divides resources into ‘Fundamentals’ (concepts, data, lists and tips), ‘Plan’ (examining issues and planning), ‘Act’ (identifying strategies and communicating), ‘Evaluate’ (evaluating progress and results), ‘Connect’ and ‘Curricula’.
Document defining terms such as 'structural racism', 'white supremacy', along with exercises in recognising power, privilege and manifestations of racism.
Tips for educators on supporting people through self-exploration of a privileged identity.
'Educators are likely to encounter resistance when asking students to undertake this kind of self-examination. But faculty can find ways to help students move beyond fear and defensiveness.'
Checklist of seven actions that non-Indigenous people can take to support Australian First Nations communities, including 'preference our voices' and 'be ok with not always being part of the conversation'.
'We need good allies. We are only three per cent of the Australian population. We can’t raise the profile of issues affecting us without our allies. But what does a good ally look like?'
Australian research into the experiences of Indigenous people in the workplace and why there's a consistent lack of representation at leadership levels.
'A deeper understanding about what racism is and how race works is a good place to start. Non-Indigenous colleagues and managers must commit to anti-racist workplaces. This requires managers to act on reports of racism - the continued failure to do so makes them complicit in perpetuating white supremacy.'
Paper by the lawyer and scholar who introduced the theory of intersectionality, which describes the way overlapping identities relate to systemic structures of oppression, in this case gender and race and their affect on violence against women of colour.
'Because of their intersectional identity as both women and people of color within discourses that are shaped to respond to one or the other, the interests and experiences of women of color are frequently marginalized within both.'
UNESCO's Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expression is a legally-binding international agreement that ensures artists, cultural professionals, practitioners and citizens worldwide can create, produce, disseminate and enjoy a broad range of cultural goods, services and activities. Australia became a signatory in 2009.
This short film offers five principles and case study examples that nurture the diversity of cultural expressions.
The National Centre for Australian Children's Literature has a free database of children's books featuring culturally diverse characters, focusing on knowledge and understanding of both similarities and differences.
Influential article identifying ways racism benefits white people each day, with a checklist of 50 items, for example:
'I can be pretty sure that if I ask to talk to the "person in charge", I will be facing a person of my race'
'If a traffic cop pulls me over or if the IRS audits my tax return, I can be sure I haven't been singled out because of my race.'
'I can easily buy posters, post-cards, picture books, greeting cards, dolls, toys and children's magazines featuring people of my race.'
In the aftermath of Blackout Tuesday when many in the music industry supported the Black Lives Matter movement, this article looks at the systemic racism built into the music industry, especially the lack of people of colour in leadership roles.
'The contemporary popular music industry also has racism baked into its foundation. The term R&B was coined, after all, to replace “race music.” The charts have always been mostly segregated'.